From prehistoric salt mines to Roman legionary forts, medieval monasteries to Imperial castles. From the lowlands to the Alps, Austria’s historic and cultural sites are as diverse as its landscape. A diversity seen in its UNESCO listed World Heritage Sites: from the prehistoric settlements next to alpine lakes to the historic cities of Vienna, Salzburg and Graz. Whether you enjoy city breaks and moseying around some of the finest museums in the world, or hiking and cycling while exploring ruined forts and castles spanning many centuries, this landlocked country will not disappoint.
Visiting Vienna – First time Impressions of a History Lover
With Imperial palaces and churches from over 600 years of Hapsburg rule, over 160 museums – 60 of which are in a vast MuseumQuartier, Vienna is a must for anyone who travels to enjoy the history of a destination. But with so much to see and do, not surprisingly first time visitors feel overwhelmed. History and art buff Bethany shares her impressions and suggestions from her four days in the Austrian capital. … Continue Reading >>
Vienna with Kids: Palaces, Museums and Cake
Vienna is the beautiful capital city of Austria, with opulent buildings dominated by Baroque architecture and an incredible history. In 2018, Vienna was voted as the best city to live in for the ninth year running. This makes it the perfect place to take a family for a cultural city break and so last Spring, Sarah took three generations of her family for a week’s holiday in the city of elegance, music and history … Continue Reading >>
Arguntm was a Roman town built to exploit local deposits of iron, copper, zinc and gold. A number of features of the town, including a bath house, forum and town walls, have been excavated and made safe for visitors. An onsite museums houses the many artefacts found during the excavations.
In just over a century a small Legionary fort grew to become a provincial capital with around 50,000 inhabitants. Today the Carnuntum Archaeological Park covers some 10 km2, offering visitors a museum and several features typical of a Roman city: two amphitheatres, town houses, a striking triumphal monument.
At the present day town of Gurina there is evidence of human habitation as far back as the 9th century BC, with the remains of an Iron Age necropolis still visible. During the Roman era a town with substantial walls was built. Besides the burial mounds, there is a replica of a typical Gallo-Roman temple in the archaeological park.
The Hadnmauer is a 336 metre stretch of Roman wall that crosses the Gailtal valley, running between the towns of Rattendorf to Jenig in the municipality of Hermagor. Archaeologists believe it served to protect the Roman town of Gurina and surrounding area.
Leeberg is central Europe's largest hill grave, built by a northeastern group of the Iron Age Hallstatt Culture. Unlike other grave hills from this period, Leeberg has not been excavated. If it is like the similar sites in southern Germany it was constructed sometime between 600-500 BC.
Excavations of the Roman settlement on the slopes of the Magdalensberg are one of the biggest in the the eastern Alps. Thought to be the original hilltop site of the local Celtic tribe, the Romans developed the town from around 50 BC before moving to Virunum. The archaeological park covers 4 hectares.
In late antiquity Teurnia superceded Virucum as the provincial capital, when it became the Bishop's see. A number of buildings in the area make use of stone from the Roman town. Visitors can see the remains of an early christian church, a town villa, and visit the Roman museum in St. Peter-in-Holz.
The Roman Municipium Claudium Virunum was founded by Emperor Claudius as the capital of Noricum province, succeeding a Celtic hilltop settlement nearby. The amphitheatre has been extensively restored and guided tours take visitors in to a shrine and underground tunnels that were used by gladiators.