Travel Guides Crafted by Experienced Archaeologists & Historians

Art, History & Archaeology Sites & Museums

As the home of the Lake District, Cumbria possesses some of the most dramatic landscapes in all of England. It is perhaps the awe-inspiring mountains of this region that influenced the communities of the Late Neolithic and Bronze Ages to establish many of their stone circles here. Some of these rings, such as Castlerigg, Swinside, and Long Meg and Her Daughters, are among the finest anywhere in Britain. The Romans also established a presence in Cumbria, reflected in Ambleside Roman Fort, the Ravenglass Roman Bath House, and parts of Hadrian’s Wall. Medieval activity can be seen at the castles of Appleby, Brough, Carlisle, and Kendall, as well as at religious sites like Carlisle Cathedral and Furness Abbey. The landscapes of the Lake District were a major inspiration for early 19th-century poets like Wordsworth and Coleridge, as well as for the children’s writer Beatrix Potter, and today the homes of these various notables remain popular heritage attractions.

Archaeology & History Sites in Cumbria

Birdoswald Roman Fort

Birdoswald Roman Fort, called Banna by the Romans, is one of the best preserved forts along Hadrian’s Wall. The relatively well excavated fort has the usual set of buildings, a central headquarters building, granaries and barracks, but the remains of an exercise building have also been uncovered. It is also here that the longest continuous surviving stretch of the wall itself can be visited. An onsite farmhouse-style B&B is available for anyone visiting Hadrian’s Wall wishing to overnight on this historic site.

Dove Cottage & William Wordsworth

Described by the poet William Wordsworth as “the loveliest spot that man hath ever found,” he and his sister moved into Dove Cottage in 1799, remaining there until 1808. Along with its whitewashed walls and slate floors, the small house today contains many of Wordsworth’s personal items, including the couch he refers to in one of his most famous poems, “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.” A semi-wild cottage garden adds to the ambience of this attractive Lake District destination, one which offers a fascinating insight into one of England’s most famous poets.

Join English Heritage and/or National Trust

Museums & Art Galleries in Cumbria

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