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Archaeology and History Sites and Museums
in Côte-d’Or (21)

One of the original departments created out of the Province of Burgundy following the French Revolution, Côte-d’Or is now one of eight departments that make up the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. The name is taken from a prominent escarpment that forms part of the watershed between northern and southern Europe. The geology and soils on the eastern slopes of the escarpment have produced some of France’s finest vineyards. And the development of these vineyards owes much to the Cistercian monks at Cîteaux Abbey.

Map of Archaeology and History Sites and Museums in the Côte-d’Or Department of France

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Prehistoric sites (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age) are marked with red pins on the map, Gallo-Roman with green pins, Middle Ages with light blue, Early Modern (the Ancien Régime) with pink, Modern (from the French Revolution to the Great War) with purple, 20th Century/Historic with yellow. Museums and theme parks are marked with dark blue pins.

Archaeology and History Sites in Côte-d’Or

Alesia

Alesia is a significant historical site in France, for it was here that Vercingetorix took his last stand against Julius Caesar in 52 BC. On top of Mont Auxois was a Celtic oppidum, that following Caesar’s defeat of the Gauls became a Gallo-Roman town. There is very little evidence of this town today, but remains of the Roman town are visible, including the theatre and basilica. Nearby is the Vercingetorix Monument erected by Napoleon III.

Fontenay Abbey

Founded in 1118 by Saint Bernard, Fontenay Abbey is one of the oldest Cistercian monasteries in Europe; and is now a listed UNESCO World Heritage Site. The abbey has retained its Romanesque style, with the exception of the refectory which was destroyed in 1745. An optional guided tour or enables you to see the very well preserved church, dormitory, cloister, council room, heating room, abbot’s lodgings, and the forge.

Top Tours and Activities in Dijon and Côte-d’Or

Museums in Côte-d’Or

Entrance to the Alesia MuseoPark, designed by Bernard Tschumi.

Alésia MuséoParc

Not far from Mont Auxois, the location of the Celtic oppidum of Alesia, is the Alésia MuséoParc. With a variety of display techniques and multimedia a circular exhibition space, designed by Bernard Tschumi, tells the Battle of Alesia in September 52 BC in extraordinary detail. Outside is a reconstruction of the system of fortifications built by Caesar to surround and lay siege to the Celtic settlement.

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