Industrial Heritage & Mining in Sardinia

Sardinia’s rich history of mining dates back thousands of years to the Stone Age, with the island boasting abundant mineral deposits such as lead, zinc, silver, and copper. The mining industry has played a pivotal role in shaping the island’s economy and culture, with mines and quarries becoming a defining feature of its landscape and identity since the pre-Roman era. The exploitation of Sardinia’s mineral wealth fueled industrial growth and provided vital resources for trade, but also posed significant social and environmental challenges. Today, the legacy of mining can still be seen across the island, with the Geomineral, Historical, and Environmental Park of Sardinia standing as the world’s first geomineral park to be recognized by UNESCO.

Industrial Heritage Sites in Sardinia

Serbariu Coal Mines Museum

The Sulcis area, which has always been rich in mineral resources, saw the birth of mines during some soundings carried out in 1936, which located a large coal deposit. More than 100 Km of tunnels developed up to 103 m below sea level, which led it to become one of Italy’s most important energy resources in the mid-20th century. The Museum located above the mines not only tells the history of the site and the different activities, but also displays the equipment and tools that were used by the miners. It is also possible to visit part of the underground gallery, where the original rooms are meticulously reconstructed.

Industrial Heritage Museums in Sardinia

Museum of Coal in Carbonia

What was the lamp room of the Sebariu coal mine has ben converted into a museum. An extensive permanent exhibition fills this vast industrial space. A series of displays tells the history of coal, as well as the story of the mine and the social impact it had on the town of Carbonia. Theer are many artefacts on display, such as the mine lamps, tools and everyday objects associated with the day to day activities of the miners. These objects are supplemented with photographs, historic documents, period film footage as well as video interviews with some of the miners who worked at the mine. Visitors can take an hour-long guided tour of the underground tunnels and the winch room.