Travel Guides Crafted by Experienced Archaeologists & Historians

Wales Travel Guide

The archaeology of Wales has produced some of the most important evidence for the study of early hominins in Europe; including the most westerly remains of Neanderthals that date to 230,000 years ago, and the oldest ceremonial burial of about 29,000 years. Artefacts and features of later periods of prehistory, from Neolithic megalithic monuments to beautifully crafted Iron Age objects, are just as significant. A study of these prehistoric periods reveals a region populated with communities with a developed a distinct cultural identity that had strong links with neighbouring areas. From Neolithic mortuary monuments and Iron Age hill forts, to Roman forts and castles and abbeys of the Medieval, the archaeology of Wales adds much to our understanding of the history of north-western Europe.

Reasons to Visit Wales

St Lythans Burial Chamber, also called gwal-y-filiast, chambered long cairn. South Wales, United Kingdom. Copyspace.


Conwy Castle Wales


Blaenavon Ironworks Wales

Industrial Heritage,

Llanddwyn Island Lighthouse Wales

… and Mountains & Coastal Paths.

About Our Wales Travel Guide

Interesting Things to Know About Wales

One of the earliest known inhabitants of Wales is called the Red Lady of Paviland. This body was discovered in a cave in Gower in 1823, at which point it was interpreted as being that of a Roman woman. More modern investigation has revealed it is actually the remains of a man, covered in red ochre and then interred here around 33,000 years ago.
The land now encompassing Wales represented the most westerly boundary of the Roman Empire. In the Iron Age, this region was divided among different groups speaking the Brythonic language, but all were conquered by Rome in the first century AD. The remains of many Roman forts can still be found in Wales, including Segontium, Caerleon, and Brecon Gaer.

Wales has more castles per square mile than any other country in the world. This is a legacy of the High Middle Ages, when England’s monarchs sought to conquer and subdue the largely independent Welsh kingdoms. Several of these stone fortifications, including Conwy Castle, Caernarfon Castle, and Beaumaris Castle, are now listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

National origins are always complex, but Wales’ identity as a distinct country is often traced to 1536. This was the year when King Henry VIII, who was of Welsh ancestry, passed laws that recognised Wales and England as distinct territories under his legal jurisdiction. The establishment of a self-governing Welsh parliament would have to wait until 1999.
Wales is also home to the world’s first suspension bridge, connecting the island of Anglesey to the mainland. The Scottish civil engineer Thomas Telford designed this marvel, with work starting in 1819 and finishing in 1826. Build from limestone and iron, the Menai Bridge has remained in use ever since, although was joined by the nearby Britannia Bridge in 1850.

Find Places to Visit in Wales

Llanberis Dolbadarn Castle

Is Cadw Membership Worth it?

From the Roman amphitheatre in Caerleon to the medieval castle at Beaumaris, many of Wales’ most important heritage sites are managed by an organisation called Cadw. While many of the 130 archaeological and historical sites in Cadw’s care are open to the public free of charge, some do charge an entry fee – a fee that is waived for Cadw members. But is Cadw membership worth it? In this article I look closely at what membership provides to help you decide if Cadw membership is right for you.


Five Popular Attractions in Wales