The archaeology of Wales has produced some of the most important evidence for the study of early hominins in Europe; including the most westerly remains of Neanderthals that date to 230,000 years ago, and the oldest ceremonial burial of about 29,000 years. Artefacts and features of later periods of prehistory, from Neolithic megalithic monuments to beautifully crafted Iron Age objects, are just as significant. A study of these prehistoric periods reveals a region populated with communities with a developed a distinct cultural identity that had strong links with neighbouring areas. From Neolithic mortuary monuments and Iron Age hill forts, to Roman forts and castles and abbeys of the Medieval, the archaeology of Wales adds much to our appreciation of the archaeology of north-western Europe.
The South Coast of Wales include the following council areas: Ceredigion, Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire, Swansea
The Welsh South Valleys include the following council areas: Merthyr Tydfil, Caerphilly, Blaenau Gwent, Torfaen, Newport, Vale of Glamorgan, Bridgend, Rhondda Cynon Taff, Neath Port Talbot
The Welsh Borders include the following council areas: Powys, Monmouthshire
North Wales includes the following council areas: Isle of Anglesey, Gwynedd, Conwy, Denbighshire, Flintshire, Wrexham