Travel Guides Crafted by Experienced Archaeologists & Historians

Archaeology Travel Guide Mexico

From the Great Mural Rock Art tradition found in rock shelters on the Baja California Peninsular in northwest Mexico. To the artistic and architectural traditions of the Mesoamericans in the south. Mexico has some of the world’s most spectacular prehistoric art and archaeological monuments. Over 190 of Mexico’s archaeological sites are managed by the country’s Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia enabling them to be open to the public. Each year they attract millions of visitors from all corners of the globe.

Reasons to Visit Mexico

Ancient Ruins,

Rock Art,

Spanish Missions,

Swimming in a cenote, near Chichen Itza, Mexico.

… and Adventure & Ecotourism.

Interesting Things to Know About Mexico

Mexico is the 13th largest country by area, 10th most populous and has the most Spanish speakers in the world. Greater Mexico City has a population of 21,800,000+, making it the sixth largest metropolitan area in the world, second largest urban agglomeration in the Western Hemisphere, behind Sao Paulo, Brazil, and the largest Spanish speaking city in the world.
Mexico, like the Americas in general, was inhabited around 15,000-13,000 BCE. Mexico is home to the earliest known example of domesticated plants, with maize domesticated around 8,000 BCE. Today, the Mexican government recognizes 68 national languages, 63 of which are indigenous. However, if one were to go by mutual intelligibility, that count increases, as some single languages contain several distinct dialects. Ethnologue currently counts 282 indigenous languages currently spoken in Mexico.
Mexico is the home of 35 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, of which 17 are Cultural, 7 Natural, and 2 Mixed. Mexico is first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO WHS, and is one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries, ranking 5th in natural biodiversity. Mexican cuisine was recognized in 2010 by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
As of 2022, Mexico has 37,266 recorded archaeological sites, of which 174 are open to the public. Mexico’s Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (National Institute of Anthropology and History), which manages the conservation of Mexican cultural heritage, has been operating since 1939 and has over 850 researchers on staff. The capital of Mexico, Mexico City, is home to about 170 museums, putting it in the top ten cities in the world for number of museums, as well as over 100 art galleries and 30 concert halls.
Cholula is the oldest city in Mexico, being founded in 800-200 BCE. It is also home to the largest archaeological site of a pyramid in the New World, and the largest pyramid by volume known to exist in the world. Mexico is home to the first printing press established in the Americas. The location is conveniently and appropriately named Casa de la Primer Imprenta de America or The House of the First Printing Press in the Americas.

Find Places to Visit in Mexico

Featured Destination

Scenic view at Basilica of Guadalupe with Mexico city skyline at sunset.


Mexico City is a vibrant and dynamic metropolis that offers visitors a unique blend of ancient history and modern culture. One of the most striking aspects of Mexico’s capital city is its rich history, with numerous sites and museums that provide insights into the country’s past. In addition to historical and cultural attractions, Mexico City is also known for delicious food, from street tacos to high-end restaurants.

Five Popular Attractions in Mexico

Chichen Itza Night
Chichén Itzá
Tula Warriors Mexico


Coyoacan, Mexico-20 April, 2018: Frida Kahlo Museum

Frida Kahlo Museum

Aztek sun calendar in Mexico museum antropology

Anthropology Museum

Teotihuacan Pyramid Of The Moon


Explore Mexico more deeply

Where to Go in Mexico