Mexico

Exploring the Past in Mexico

From the Great Mural Rock Art tradition found in rock shelters on the Baja California Peninsular in northwest Mexico. To the artistic and architectural traditions of the Mesoamericans in the south. Mexico has some of the world’s most spectacular prehistoric art and archaeological monuments. Over 190 of Mexico’s archaeological sites are managed by the country’s Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia enabling them to be open to the public. Each year they attract millions of visitors from all corners of the globe.

2020 Travel to Mexico

Visitors to Mexico can be assured that the government is taking the current global situation very seriously (see the government website for details). Many of the federal states in Mexico have been awarded the Safe Travels Stamp by the World Travel & Tourism Council. Crucially these states include Mexico City, Quintana Roo and Yucatán, the most popular tourist destinations in Mexico. Recognition from the WTTC indicates these states have adopted global health and hygiene protocols to ensure safe travel.

Not all archaeological and historical sites have reopened to the public. And for those that have, various measures and restrictions have been implemented to ensure distance is maintained between visitors. At Teotihuacán, for example, the number of visitors has been restricted and once admitted you are required to follow a set route. A route which no longer allows visitors to climb the Pyramids. These are in line with measures implemented at sites and museums throughout the world.

Find the Best Archaeological and Historical Sites and Museums in Mexico


Mexico is divided into 31 federal states and one federal district (Mexico City). These are variously divided into six different regions, as follows:

Themes in Mexico’s History

Great Mural painting in Baja California, Mexico.

Rock Art in Mexico

Deep in the Sierra de San Francisco of Baja California is a concentration of some of the world’s most extraordinary rock art sites. The so-called Great Mural paintings made by hunters and gatherers before the arrival of Jesuit missionaries in the area. What makes the depictions here so extraordinary is their size. Around the country are some equally intriguing sites, such as the Las Labradas petroglyphs on the beach facing the Pacific Ocean.
Visit Rock Art Sites in Mexico >>

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Mexico

As of 2020, there are 35 UNESCO World Heritage sites in Mexico. Of these, 27 sites are recognised for their cultural significance, six for their natural importance and two that have both natural and cultural significance. There are a further 22 sites on the tentative list, including the historical town of Alamos and Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo’s Home-Study Museum. Full list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Mexico >>

Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco

Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

Protective Town of San Miguel de Allende

Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

The Mayan site of Uxmal on the Yucatán peninsular, Mexico.
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