The Roman villa near the modern-day village of Chedworth was one of the largest built by the Romans in Britannia. There were two main phases of construction at the site. Initially a simple house was built in about 120 AD, and then during the 4th century AD the house was substantially extended and became a substantial and opulent villa. Today the villa is well known for its mosaic floors and artefacts. Some of the mosaics have only recently been excavated and it is possible to get a close look at them on newly built state-of-the-art walkways. A newly refurbished museum allows visitors to see some of the wonderful artefacts recovered from excavations of the villa and the nearby temple.
The land was originally owned by the Earl of Eldon, he financed the initial excavations of the site after its discovery in 1864, and the building of the mock Tudor cottage to house the artefacts. The site was acquired by the National Trust in 1924.
Facilities & Visiting Chedworth Roman Villa:
What not to miss during your visit:
The nymphaeum can be found in the north-west corner of the villa complex. The octagonal pool was fed by a natural spring, and supplied the villa with water. The curved wall partially surrounding the pool is about 2 metres high and the masonry is original. On one of the stones on the rim of the pool has a Christian chi-rho symbol scratched on to it. Besides this shrine to the water nymphs, a small temple was also found – south-east of the villa.
The villa is formed from buildings that take up three sides of a central courtyard. The principal range housed the dining room, living room and bath houses. It is in the ante-room of the dining room (a triclinium) that the most elaborate mosaic floor can be seen. Only three panels survive, and they depict spring, summer and winter.
Where is Chedworth Roman Villa?
- Official Website
- Classics at Cheltenham — and Chedworth Roman Villa on Mary Beard’s blog, A Don’s Life
Chedworth Roman Villa in the News
- BBC (August 2013): Chedworth Roman Villa mosaics uncovered for study
- BBC (August 2013): Chedworth Roman villa mosaic excavation to begin
Photographs of Chedworth Roman Villa4>
All the photographs on this page are in the public domain, taken from Wikipedia.
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