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Exploring the Past in Alsace

Located in the northeast, and sharing a border with Switzerland and Germany, Alsace is the smallest region in mainland France. The Rhine River marks the region’s boundary to the east, and the majestic Vosges Mountains to the west. Alsace is often described as the very heart of Europe, not least because the region contains the city of Strasbourg. The departments in Alsace: Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin.

Map of Archaeology and History Sites and Museums in Alsace

Prehistoric sites (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age) are marked with red pins on the map, Gallo-Roman with green pins, Middle Ages with light blue, Early Modern (the Ancien Régime) with pink, Modern (from the French Revolution to the Great War) with purple, 20th Century/Historic with yellow. Museums and theme parks are marked with dark blue pins.
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List of Castles in Alsace

The following is a list of all the castles marked on the map above (purple map pins), where there is a website for the caste, there is a link next to the name of the castle. Most of the castles are ruins, and these can be seen quite clearly by zooming in on the map, and are on walking routes in the communes in which they can be found.

The ruined Château de Kaysersberg in the Haut-Rhin Department of Alsace, France.

Château de Kaysersberg.

Château d’Andlau [Website] | Château du Bernstein | Château du Birkenfels | Château du Burgstall | Château de Buchenek | Château de Dreistein | Château d’Échéry | The Three castles of Eguisheim – Dagsbourg, Weckmund and Wahlenbourg | Château de Ferrette | Château Fort de Fleckenstein [Website] | Château du Frankenbourg | Château du Freudeneck | Château de Frœnsbourg | Château du Girsberg [Website] | Château du Grand-Geroldseck | Château du Petit-Geroldseck | Château de Greifenstein | Château de Guirbaden | Château du Hagelschloss | Château de Hohbarr | Château du Haut-Kœnigsbourg [Website] | Château du Haut-Ribeaupierre [Website] | Château de Herrenstein | Château de Hohenack | Château de Hohenbourg | Château de Hohenfels | Château de Hohenstein | Château du Hohlandsbourg [Website] | Château du Hugstein | Château de Kagenfels | Château de Kaysersberg | Château de Kintzheim | Château de Landsberg | Château de Landskron | Château de Lichtenberg [Website] | Château de Lœwenstein | Château de Lutzelbourg | Château de Lutzelhardt | Château de Meywihr | Château de Morimont | Château du Nideck | Château d’Ochsenstein | Château d’Osthoffen [Website] | Château de l’Ortenbourg | Château du Petit-Arnsberg | Château de La Petite-Pierre | Château de Pflixbourg | Château de Ramstein | Château du Grand Ringelstein | Château du Petit-Ringelstein | Château de la Roche | Château des Rohan (Mutzig) | Château des Rohan | Château Saint-Léon | Château de Saint-Ulrich [Website] | Château de Salm | Château de Schœneck | Château de Spesbourg | Château du Vieux-Windstein | Château de Wangen | Château de Wangenbourg | Château du Wasenbourg | Château du Wasigenstein | Château de Wildenstein | Château de Wineck | Château du Wineck | Château de Wittschloessel

Archaeology & History Sites

Dehlingen Gallo-Roman Villa

Foundations of the villa near DehlingenNear the town of Dehlingen are the recently re-discovered remains of a medium Gallo-Roman villa. First discovered in 1862, the site was forgotten about until 1993 when the farmer was ploughing the field. Excavations followed and the site has since been developed by a local archaeology society, which has included the establishment of a garden that is growing the same kinds of plants that were grown at the villa during its occupation in Roman times; some 60 varieties of cereals, medicinal plants, and ancient flowers. [Website]

Museums in Alsace

Archaeological Museum of Brumath

A selection of Roman pottery on display in the Museum.The museum is housed in the cellar of what was once a grand family home built in 1717, but is now run by the town’s archaeology and history society. Much of what is on display is from excavations as a result of recent expansion of the city. Besides a brief introduction to the prehistory of this part of Alsace, the focus of the museum is on the Gallo-Roman past of Brocomagus, present-day Brumath – the administrative capital of Alsace for the Romans. [Website]

Strasbourg Archaeology Museum

An aerial photograph of the archaeology museum in StrasbourgThe Musée Archéologique in Strasbourg is one of the most important archaeology museums in France, after the country’s National Archaeology Museum. The archaeology is located in the basement of an imperial palace, Le Palais Rohan, built in the early 1700s. Exhibitions created at the beginning of the 1990s span the entire history of the Alsace area, from the Palaeolithic to the Medieval. These extensive permanent exhibitions are supplemented by temporary displays of new excavation in Strasbourg and its immediate environs. [Website]

Unterlinden Museum

A carved Romanesque capital depicting a mermaid.The Musée d’Unterlinden is housed in the 13th century Dominican convent of Unterlinden. The museum is currently undergoing substantial renovation and expansion; but it remains open to the public. On display are artefacts, objects and art that tell the story of the region, from the first farmers some 7,000 years ago, sculptures from the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, as well as modern art, including such artists as Monet and Bonnard. One of the highlights is the 3rd century Roman Bergheim Mosaic, excavated in 1848. [Website]

Selected guidebooks for Alsace

The following guidebooks for Alsace are available on (see the same set of books on

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