Albania was part of the area ancient writers called Illyria. The Illyrians created spectacular rock cut tombs. From the 6th century the ancient Greeks established substantial cities along the Illyrian coast, including Butrint and Apollonia, many of which were taken over by the Romans in the 2nd century BC … start planning what to see in Albania >>
Berat Castle overlooking the town of Berat, central Albania.
Bulgaria has an estimated 40,000 archaeological and historical sites, seven of which are included on the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites and a further eight are on the tentative list. The sites range in date from the earliest farmers some 8,000 years ago to monuments constructed since 1944 … start planning what to see in Bulgaria >>
The fortress of Ovech, overlooking the town of Provadia, north eastern Bulgaria.
England is home to enigmatic Stonehenge in the south and the monumental Hadrian’s Wall in the north. From before the end of the Ice Age and on into the Medieval period successive arrivals brought with them new ways of living, all contributing to the diversity of cultural heritage in England through the ages … start planning what to see in England >>
Stonehenge near Salisbury, southern England.
France is the most visited tourist destination in the World, the amazing variety archaeological attractions to visit is one of the reasons why. From our early ancestors about a million years ago, some of the most spectacular Ice Age art to the monumental architectural remains of the ancient Romans … start planning what to see in France >>
The tidal island of Mont Saint Michel, north western France.
Germany has a splendid prehistoric heritage, including archaeology’s first Neanderthals to have been found, examples of some of Europe’s earliest Palaeolithic portable art and the finest Iron Age art. Romans also left their mark, with a fortified frontier stretching from the Rhine in the west to the Danube in the east … start planning what to see in Germany >>
Classical sculpture in the Glyptothek, Munich, Germany.
Greece has some of the most iconic of archaeological sites, from the Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens to Knossos on Crete. It is the ruins and black and red pots of Hellenistic Greece we are more familiar with, scattered in museums around the World, but our ancestors were here as long ago as 700,000 years … start planning what to see in Greece >>
A view of the Acropolis from the Olympieion in Athens, Greece.
Italy is dominated by its incredibly rich Roman past. But there is so much more, prehistory stretches back a few hundred thousand years into the Palaeolithic. And following the fall of the Roman Empire Italy remained at the centre of events during the rise of Western civilisation in the Medieval period … start planning what to see in Italy
The Rotunda Temple in Rome, Italy.
Luxembourg is one of the smallest sovereign states of Europe, but still has a lot to offer visitors. From sites and artefacts of earliest Palaeolithic inhabitants, numerous Gallo-Roman sites and Medieval castles, to the moving memorials of World War II, when the country was under occupation by the Third Reich. … start planning what to see in Luxembourg >>
Gallo-Roman mosaic from Vichen, now in Luxembourg City.
Malta and Gozo are islands that have been at the crossroads of Mediterranean cultures for over seven thousands years, and have some of the most spectacular archaeological and historical sites in Europe. This unique heritage together with an agreeable climate makes Malta a must for culturally inspired travellers … start planning what to see in Malta & Gozo.
Valletta’s skyline, capital city of Malta.
Portugal has a range of archaeological sites. The little known Ice Age art in the Côa Valley to the north of the country provides evidence for visitors to experience some of the earliest inhabitants of this area, which are followed by numerous megalithic structures erected by the regions first farmers … start planning what to see in Portugal >>
The megalithic complex of Cromlech of the Almendres, central Portugal.
Spain has evidence of human history stretching back over a million years to the time of the earliest Europeans. From Altamira to the Alhambra, from the Palaeolithic to the Medieval Moorish Muslims, with the Iberians, Celts, Romans and Vandals in between, this country has an extraordinarily rich and diverse cultural heritage … start planning what to see in Spain >>
A bison painted in the cave of Altamira, northern Spain.