Weihnachtsmärkte in Deutschland

The Best German Christmas Markets for History Geeks

A Guide to the Best German Christmas Markets
for History Geeks

Christmas markets in Germany are a magical tradition that stretch back hundreds of years. Mouthwatering aromas of glühwein, grilled sausages and hot chestnuts add to an ambience created by some of Europe’s most iconic architecture. Whether it is the Baroque and Gothic architecture of the south or the Medieval Hansestädte of the north, each town lends its own character to this intangible national heritage. For those who are looking for an escape from the commercialism of the festive season, try something different and explore fascinating histories while experiencing a unique Christmas tradition.

Erfurt Cathedral and the Christmas market.

St Mary’s Cathedral (left) and St Severus’ Church (right) provide a striking backdrop to Erfurt’s Weihnachtsmarkte.

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Visiting Christmas Markets in Germany

Dates for Christmas Markets in Germany, 2019

In the bigger towns and cities you will find Christmas markets cover the entire Advent period. They usually start in the last week of November and continue up until a day or two before Christmas day. The first Sunday of Advent in 2019 is 1 December. Smaller towns and villages also have their Christmas market traditions, where local shops and artisans come out in force to celebrate Advent. Although smaller fairs they are still fun nonetheless – these are usually held over a single weekend during the run up to Christmas.

One of my best experiences was a weekend I chose to visit Nuremberg. Besides one of Germany’s top Christmas markets, there is so much to see and do in Nuremberg – so it is the perfect destination for history seekers. I decided to stay for more than a few days, and rented a room in Wendelstein, a small town on the edge of Nuremberg. Coincidentally my visit coincided with the town’s Christmas market. I got to experience a small much more intimate market as well as one of Germany’s biggest and finest.

Getting About in Germany

There are a number of airports in Germany allowing international visitors to fly into the country. Many of these allow direct access to rail and coach networks. Berlin, Cologne, Düsseldorf and Frankfurt, Hamburg and Munich airports have connections to all major German towns and cities. For getting about Germany I use the website Omio – it is perfect for booking flights, train and bus tickets throughout Europe.

A selection of souvenir gluhwein mugs from German Christmas Markets.

Souvenir Glühwein Mugs

Glühwein, a mulled wine, is an essential ingredient of German Christmas markets. And most Weihnachtsmärkte have their own specifically branded and dated mugs in which it is served. These make great souvenirs. Typically a mug of Glühwein costs 3€, in some of the bigger markets in Berlin a mug can be as much as 4€. At most stands you will see tat there is a sign: pfand 3€. Added to the cost of the drink is this amount, which you will get back if you return the mug. Or keep the mug for a festive souvenir of your visit.

Which are the Best Christmas Markets in Germany?

There are over 150 towns and cities throughout Germany with established traditions of Christmas markets. Many places have more than one market; Berlin has around 50! While I can not pretend to have been to all of them, I have been to a few – and am planning of visiting many more. As much as I love visiting Christmas markets there has to be more to the destination to attract my attention. This is not difficult with many towns and cities in Germany having a rich history.

These then are the Weihnachtsmärkte in Germany I recommend. They are places that are rich in history: the capital city of the Hanseatic League or the present-day capital of Germany. Besides highlighting what there is to see and do in each destination, I also provide travel tips and information on how to get there, where to stay, what to see and what not to miss!

Berlin: Christmas Markets in the Capital City

The Christmas market at the Gendarmenmarkt in Berlin.

With over 50 markets, Berlin is undoubtedly the Christmas market capital of Germany. For the ultimate urban experience head to the ChristmasRodeo for contemporary design and streetfood. Get a chance to see the largest palace in Berlin and the most romantic Christmas market at the Charlottenburg Castle, or the more modest 16th century Jagdschloss at Grunewald provides a perfectly historic backdrop for a very traditional Christmas market. If you think you will be spoilt for choice from the list of Christmas markets in Berlin, then being a historyphile here is much like being that proverbial kid in ye olde sweet shoppe. Where to start! Visiting remnants of the Berlin Wall is a popular activity, and if December is too cold for outdoors, there are some of the world’s finest museums to visit.

Hamburg: Gateway to the World

Christmas lights in front of the Hamburg Town Hall, Germany.

Hamburg is Europe’s second largest port city, with an extraordinary maritime heritage to match. Christmas lights reflect off the waters of historic canals, while historic streets and buildings provide a magical setting for over 25 Christmas markets. The city’s celebrated Christmas market is on Rathausmarkt. The 19th century town hall provides a spectacular backdrop for craftsman from around Germany; Woodcarvers from the Tyrol, gingerbread bakers from Nuremberg, potters from Lausitz. Popular with children is Spielzeuggasse, where merchants from around the world sell their handcrafted toys. Fleetinsel combines Hanseatic tradition with the city’s contemporary urban vibe. Popular for galleries and theatres, and the proximity to the harbour with historic ships, the Fleetinsel Christmas market should not be missed.

Lübeck: Christmas City of the North

The Hansa town hall in Lubeck, Germany.

Founded in the 12th century, Lübeck was the capital of the Hanseatic League. And despite some damage during World War Two, the Old Town has retained much of its Medieval character. With over one thousand buildings, courtyards and alleys from the Middle Ages, Lübeck is understandably a UNESCO World Heritage Site. And it is the Medieval Old Town that provides the perfect setting for the Lübecker Christmas market. Here local artisans have been selling their decorations and confectioneries since 1648. Do not pass up the chance to try some Lübeck Marzipan, a local speciality with EU Protected Geographical Indication status. Since 2015, Lübeck has been home to the extraordinary European Hansamuseum, where state-of-the-art technology tells the story of the rise and fall of the Hanseatic League.

Schwerin: the Northern Star

The Christmas pyramid at the Schwerin Christmas market.

In a town where history goes back to at least the 11th century, streets lined with wonderfully preserved and beautifully decorated Medieval timber-framed buildings are the perfect setting for the Schwerin Christmas market. Walk along Mecklenburgstraße to the marketplace to see the eight metre high Weihnachtspyramide and an even taller fir tree that boasts 10,000 lights. These are dwarfed by the 117.5 metre high tower of the Backsteingotik cathedral typical of northern Germany. Among the local crafts and specialities, Glögg (a mulled wine) is a reminder of the town’s historic Swedish influence. On an island towards the edge of Lake Schwerin is the magnificent Schweriner Schloss, a palace to the dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg since the 12th century. At only an hour by train, Schwerin is an easy day-trip from Hamburg.

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