Travel Guides Crafted by Experienced Archaeologists & Historians

Archaeology Travel guide Jordan

Few other countries have a past as rich and complex as Germany. From the Neanderthals who made some of Europe’s oldest Ice Age art to the Iron Age Celts and their exquisite gold work. From the Hanseatic League of the Middle Ages to the 20th Century and the Third Reich. Whatever your interest in history, in Germany you will be spoilt for choice with Roman forts, Gothic castles and churches, Bach’s Leipzig, the Berlin Wall and some of the finest museums in the world. 

Reasons to Visit Jordan

Desert Castles,

Roman Ruins,

Byzantine Mosaics,

… and the Dead Sea.

Interesting Things to Know About Jordan

Jordan has the world’s oldest dam, designed to divert water from the Wadi Rajil near Jawa, an ancient proto-urban site near the country’s northern border. Carbon dating has revealed that the masonry dam was built between 3500 and 3400 BC/BCE.

The land now encompassed by Jordan was once part of the Roman Empire. The country’s Roman heritage is perhaps most obvious at Jerash, where visitors can explore a Roman forum, theatre, and colonnaded streets. Jerash has been a place of human settlement for 6500 years, with the Roman city developing from a Hellenistic predecessor that some traditions claim was the creation of Alexander the Great.

By far Jordan’s most famous heritage site lies at Petra, a Nabataean caravan-city largely carved into the red sandstone rockface. Located at an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt, and Syria-Phoenicia, Petra became a major settlement in the Hellenistic and Roman periods, displaying both traditional Nabataean architectural styles along with Hellenistic ones.

Jordan is home to one of the most important pilgrimage sites in Christianity, the location where Jesus Christ was allegedly baptised in the River Jordan by his cousin, John the Baptist. Roman and Byzantine archaeological sites reflect the former presence of an active Christian community here, a place now recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The area of modern Jordan came under the domination of Muslim Arabs in the 7th century, but tensions between different religions continued, especially during the Crusades. A reminder of this conflict can be seen at the Crusader castle commonly known as Montreal or Qal’at ash-Shawbak, first built in the 12th century.

Find Places to Visit in Jordan

Five Popular Attractions in Jordan

Petra Candlelight

Petra

Hadrian's Arch in the ancient roman town Jerash in Jordan. Built AD 129 to honour the visiting emperor. Sunny light, nice contrast of clouds and blue sky in the background.

Jerash

LR Hippolytushall

Madaba

Memorial Church Of Moses

Mount Nebo

Ancient Nabatean and Thamudic inscriptions on rock representing camel caravan and humans. Khazali canyon, Wadi Rum desert, Jordan

Wadi Rum

What to See in Jordan

Roman Ruins and Museums

The defeat of the Romans in Battle of Teutoberg Forest brought ended their desire and attempt to conquer Germania. Varusschlacht is thought to be the site of that battle. The border of the Roman Empire, certainly in Germania, would forever remain at the Rhine River. Along the Rhine and south of it are some truly spectacular Roman sites. Trier has some remarkably well preserved Roman architecture. Germany has a number of exceptional museums displaying artefacts recovered locally. Berlin’s Museumsinsel has substantial collections of Roman artefacts from beyond Germany.

Castles and Palaces

During their brief rule, 661–750 CE, the Umayyads built a series of ‘Desert Castles’ that must be on any Jordan itinerary. Later from the 11th century CE, when the European Christians attempted to take back control of the Holy Land during the Crusades. The Crusaders constructed some very imposing fortifications, as did the Muslims defending the area against their attacker. Many of these fortifications and castles in Jordan are popular tourist attractions, and are easy to get to by joining a guided tour or solo.